Participial (non-finite) Phrases/ clauses

What is participial? Progressive continuous action which is normally temporary. Basically, it shows the result/ the consequence of an action.

• از ﯾﮏ ﮐﻠﻤﻪ ﺑﯿﺸﺘﺮﻧﺪ.

• از ﻓﻌﻞﻫﺎ و ﻣﺼﺪرﻫﺎ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻪ ﻣﯽﺷﻮند. (verb and infinitive phrases/ clauses)
• ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﯾﻦ ﻧﻘﺶ آنﻫﺎ ﯾﺎ ﻧﻘﺶ وﺻﻔﯽ(adjective) و ﯾﺎ ﻧﻘﺶ ﻗﯿﺪي (adverb) ﻣﯽﺑﺎﺷﺪ.
• ﻋﻤﺪﺗﺎ در ﻣﺘﻮن ﻋﻠﻤﯽ اﺳﺘﻔﺎده ﻣﯽﺷﻮد ﻧﻪ در ﻣﺤﺎوره

How to make non-finite Phrases (participial):

ﺑﺮاي ﺳﺎﺧﺖ ﻫﺮ ﻓﺮﯾﺴﯽ ﮐﻪ از ﻓﻌﻞﻫﺎ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻪ ﻣﯽﺷﻮﻧﺪ ﻣﺎ ﻧﯿﺎز ﺑﻪ ﺳﻪ ﻓﻌﻞtense  present دارﯾﻢ ﮐﻪ اﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺑﺎ  مجهول خودشان می شوند شش فعل.

Point: Reduced clauses, it is normal to remove the tensed (TAM) forms (finite forms) of the verb (BE)


The man who is standing at the door, the man standing at the door

Having opened the letter, I have realized that it was more serious than I thought.


ﻣﺮدي ﮐﻪ اﻧﮕﻠﯿﺴﯽ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﻪ ﻣﯽﮐﻨﺪ. ﻣﺮدي ﮐﻪ ﻫﺮ روز اﻧﮕﻠﯿﺴﯽ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﻪ ﻣﯽﮐﻨﺪ.                                  

The man studying English at 4.

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