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English
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Adjuncts

Clause adjunct phrase:

True Examples:

• Slowly she walked. Slowly she walked down the street
• She walked slowly. She walked slowly down the street
• She slowly walked. She slowly walked down the street
• She walked down the street slowly

Wrong Examples:

• She walked down slowly the street
• She walked down the slowly street

POINT 1:
you cannot put the adverb inside the prepositional phrase.
Adverbs can go either before the subject, between the subject and verb, after the verb, before the adjuncts (intransitive verbs) and after the sentence.

POINT 2.
There is no syntactic difference between adverbial phrases of time, manner, and place.

POINT 3.
Adverb of adverb and adverb of adjectives, they are exactly the same. The difference between two is syntax. In many languages, like German and so on there is no difference between two in form, also in English, and in ordinary quoliqual every day English, there is no difference between two.

• She walked slow down the street. (in ordinary English is commonly said)

• She speaks very well (adverbial phrase, ‘well’ as the head word, and the ‘well’ itself is an adverbial phrase)

• Black dresses are very much (adverbial phrase of a prepositional phrase) in fashion (prepositional phrase) now.

• This is quite (adverb of a nominal phrase) a lovely day.

POINT 4:
Adverbs that are not prepositional phrases are VERY, QUIET, ALMOST. There are very few adverbs that in themselves are not prepositional phrases.

• She walked in a funny way.
• She walked funnily
• She walked funny (more common that funnily)

POINT 5.
Adverbial phrases like: Ly means like

• funnily
• Clearly (in a clear way)
• Manly
• Slowly
• Womanly

Example: She walked slow like (like is a preposition)

POINT 6:
in traditional English, preposition can come before and after the noun, but in modern English the position of a preposition has become fixed to before the noun.

POINT 7.
One-word prepositional phrases: Now, Then, Before, After, In, Inside, Out

What is an adjunct?
Adjunct is any addition to the basic (subject + verb sentence [intransitive sentence])

He walked
He walked to the bank
He walked quickly

Anything that is added to the basic. She looks (state and to be verbs) pretty (adjectival phrase adverb)

She is busy
She looks busy
She seems busy

Other pages for intransitive, transitive, ditransitive sentence??????????????????????

POINT 8.
Clause adverb refers to both subject and the verb and it could be in different positions in relation to the clause, before the subject, etc. place.

• I now talk (Now between topic and predicate)
• I often go (Often between topic and the predicate)

POINT 9:
Indirect object is part of adjunct.

• I gave him the book (it is clear that HIM is the same as TO HIM) (him itself is one-word prepositional phrase)
• I gave the book to him.

POINT 10:
There are two types of one-word prepositional phrases like:

• The plane took off (off is one-word prepositional phrase)
• The plane took off the ground (full prepositional phrase)

POINT 11:
Then there are those words which is the noun part of the prepositional phrase.
• She walked home (to home) home is one-word prepositional phrase where the noun is present and not the preposition.
• She stayed home (She stayed at home)
• She came last week.
• She welcomed last week.

POINT 12:
Adjectival phrase
She put the paint on the wall thick(ly) (adjective refers to paint). In formal English they put thickly.

• She made the man sick (a much better example)
Subject + verb phrase+ direct object phrase + adjectival phrase.
[the man sick] “a small clause” because they can also be in subject position.

POINT 13:
Adjuncts are any numbers of different types of adjuncts. At school is adverb of place and time.
I studied French at school. It refers to time period as well as the place. The difference between time and place is merely a cognitive one but the grammar is exactly the same.

POINT 14:
Most adverbial phrases are prepositional phrases.
• She looked at the dictionary (prepositional phrase).

She looked at the dictionary (prepositional phrase).

POINT 15:
Adverb of Manner: it is how we do things, so it is simply a prepositional phrase which refers to how we do things. There is no real difference between manner and method. It is so often difficult for students to understand when to use a manner discourse marker or a method discourse marker because in grammar and in words there is no difference.

POINT 16:
Cause and effect also cause confusion because it is difficult to see what is a cause and what is an effect.

POINT 17:
Frequency is a subcategory of time, like every day, often, never.
Manner and method are how. Cause and effect are why. Purpose is also part of a concept of cause, effect. They go together. Similarity and contrast together. Contradiction, paradox and condition go together. Condition and time, in some cases go together.

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